Arain also known as Raeen are a Punjabi agricultural tribe found mainly in the Pakistani provinces of Punjab and Sindh with a small remnant population left in Indian Punjab.
They are traditionally associated with small-scale farming or market gardening,    with some being zamindars landlords. The historian and political scientist Christophe Jaffrelot believes that they are displaced farming communities who moved to Punjab from Sindh and Multan as Arab Muslim armies encroached;  they originally practiced Hinduism although many later converted to Islam.
A Rose notes that many of the Arain share surnames with the Saini and that the nucleus of the Arain caste are Sainis and Kamboh. Ishtiaq Ahmeda political scientist that is also a member of the Arain community, acknowledges that some early Arain texts ascribe a Surajbansi Rajput origin, while others note Persian origin. He says that the Arain claims of Arab descent could be viewed as a claim to status as "conquerors and original Muslims". He believes that the Arains "are a mix of many ethnicities and races", similar to other "farming castes of the Punjab and Haryana".
In pre-partition Lahore district they were the main Muslim-landowning group located close to the urban areas while in the rural areas of the districts Jats predominated. When the British wanted land developed in the Punjab after its annexation, the Arain were brought in to cultivate lands around the cities, and were one of the preferred agricultural castes to assist with the opening up of the agrarian frontier in canal colonies between and The British favoured them for their "hard work, frugality and sense of discipline".
Subsequent development of towns and cities and increasing urbanization resulted in the value of the land settled by Arain to rise significantly, and Arain families thus flourished. Education was prioritised with the new-found wealth and the Arain came to dominate the legal profession amongst urban Punjabi Muslims.Tyrone gaa twitter
Many used law to enter politics. The Arain caste holds one of the most prominent positions in Pakistan's politics, from toArain's after Jats Rajputs, and Sayyids held the highest percentage of seats at the National Assembly. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Pakistani Punjabi agricultural tribe. Center for studies in Civilization. Retrieved February 11, Soundings in Modern South Asian History. University of California Press.
Asian Survey. Beaumont, Gilliam. Anthem Press. Retrieved 10 December Public Advocate Press. Daily Times.Arain Society Islamabad is a registered Welfare Organization belong to Arain Community living in Islamabad, which was established in They are generally associated with farming, traditionally being landlords or zamindars.
There is no unanimous agreement about the origin of Arains. The following is the most prevalent information about their origin.
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Arains living in different parts of pakistan speak different languages, including but not limited to Urdu, Punjabi, Pothohari, Seraiki, Sindhi, Hindko, Pushto and Pahari depending on their place of residence. It is generally claimed that they were rulers of Arab descent, doubtless based upon the fact that nearly all Arain are, and have been, Sunni Muslim, as were the early Arabs of Muhammad bin Qasim's expedition.
A study by the Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences on blood types of the major ethnicities in the Punjab showed that O is the most common blood group among all ethnicitiesexcept among the Arain where B is most common, the difference being statistically significant.Best xuanhuan novel
Whilst not proof of non-local ancestry, it does illustrate a difference between the Arain and the other castes living in Punjab. E-mail: arainsocietyislamabad yahoo. Arain Society Islamabad FB. Arain Society Islamabad Google. Arain Society Islamabad Twitter. Contact Us.The old city of LahorePakistanhas had many notable families in its history, who have contributed significantly to its politics, society, the creative arts, sports and other fields.
Notable individuals are listed elsewhere.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article's list of people may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability policy. Please improve this article by removing names that do not have independent reliable sources showing they merit inclusion in this article AND members of this list, or by incorporating the relevant publications into the body of the article through appropriate citations.
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What is Jaazib. You can search Pakistani rishta For free. We are not responsible for the actions taken by users. All users are instructed to be extra careful during communication. Don't trust any one untill you are really sured, Don't send money or sensitive information to members at any stage of communication.In this post, I look at the distribution of the Arainthe third largest Muslim group in Punjab inand fifth largest over all.
They were almost entirely Muslim, with a small Hindu majority found largely in what is now Haryana.
The Arain were found throughout Punjab, except the Pothohar regionwhere there place was taking by the Malyar caste. The Arain shown in Rawalpindi were largely recent immigrants working in the Cantonment.
The former were Punjabi speaking found in territory stretching from Ambala to Gujrat. Inthe Sutlejwal Arain had begun to settle in the Canal Colonies, with found in Lyalpur and Montgomery Districts, which were the focus of the canal colonization regimes.
Historically, the Arain community was concentrated in territory that is now part of Indian Punjabespecially the Jalandhar Doab. In the Phulkhian States, Hoshiarpur, Karnal, Delhi and Hissar they formed less than five percentage of the population. North and west of the Jhelum, they were practically absent in the Pothohar region, the Salt Range and the Thal Dessert, where their place was and still taken by the Maliar caste. Those few Arains who were found in this region are often treated as sub-tribe of the Jats.
In essence the Arain were found in territory stretching from the Chenab in the west to the Sultlej in the east, in what was the Punjabi speaking heartland of the British colonial province of Punjab.
This was also the region that suffered the worst violence during the partition of India inwith almost the entire Arain population of Indian Punjab migrating to Pakistani territory.
However, there are still a small number of Muslim Arains still found in MalerkotlaSangrur and Patiala districts. The bulk of the Arain population is now settled in the districts of FaisalabadSahiwal and Toba Tek Singhwith a large number of refugees settled by the Thal Development Authority in the districts of Khushab, Mianwali, Bhakkar and Layyah.
Skip to content In this post, I look at the distribution of the Arainthe third largest Muslim group in Punjab inand fifth largest over all. Historic Distribution Historically, the Arain community was concentrated in territory that is now part of Indian Punjabespecially the Jalandhar Doab.
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